Nigeria 2023: Beyond Peter Obi (2)

“Even if at all I am going to consider other candidates, I will still consider Obi. I have a right to choose a candidate. Those I won’t consider at all are the candidates from the Southwest and that of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP), Atiku Abubakar. It is a matter of principle… I am talking of politics of principle. I know that Peter has not got the dollar of Tinubu neither has he got the dollar of Atiku. All I am saying is that he is better than the two other candidates. And I am not talking of the baggage Tinubu or Atiku may be carrying now. I am talking of the principle of fairness and justice. The moment you deviate from the politics of principle in this country, you won’t get anywhere…It is only Peter Obi that can rule independently without the influence of these criminals in the government. Tinubu will only give continuity to Buhari’s incompetence… We know Peter Obi very well, that’s why we endorsed him. He will not disappoint Nigerians, let’s put tribal differences apart and vote the right leader in…Tinubu sold Buhari to over 200 million Nigerians for his own selfish interest of wanting to rule after Buhari. None of them loves Nigeria.” – Pa Ayo Adebanjo (Yoruba leader)

“I just want you to know that if you’re thinking of Peter Obi. We are talking of competence. This is not about Igbo, or about Christianity. This is about competence, character and capacity and courage… It is about being able to make demands and be able to criticize and be able to hold whoever is in the office accountable… Poverty has already shown us. Insecurity has already shown us. The terrorists are showing us already. The thing that we need to do is to come together and choose the person that will do the job.” – Aisha Yesufu (Social crusader and human rights activist)

“My choice is unequivocal and this is based on Peter Obi’s stellar track record. I had the honour to serve with him on Nigeria’s Economic Management Team chaired by the President and so my basis is not hearsay. He stands out, and Nigeria is in a desperate situation.” – Arunma Oteh, (a former Vice President of the World Bank)

Wow! Did you read those endorsements? Everybody is saying the same thing. You just heard directly from patriotic and highly principled Nigerians – Pa Adebanjo, Aisha Yesufu and Arunma Oteh. Ayo Adebanjo is not known for frivolities. At 94 he still remains as forthright, patriotic and consistent as ever. Yes, it will take a lot of courage to prefer another person to your own son. It takes discipline to ignore a man with bagful of dollars to support a stingy person. Lol. That is true statesmanship. And that is exactly what the likes of Pa Adebanjo, Obasanjo, Edwin Clark, Okupe, Paul Adefarasin, Paul Enenche, Sarah Omakwu, the Nigerian youths, the labour, market women and men, the frustrated students and teachers and others are doing right now. They have all refused to sell their children’s future for a mess of potage. These are the true heroes of the coming change. The price was just the decision to be honest and patriotic enough at a very critical moment in our nation’s survival. They have said it all. They are re-making the Nigerian story. They are already writing their names in gold. They are saying that Obi is the most competent, most reliable, most acceptable and humblest amongst his competitors to help Nigeria. Period! And that is true. When others are relying on the size of their questionable wealth, ethnic jingoism and It is my turnmentality, Mr. Peter Obi is practically telling us how he is going to rebuild and heal Nigeria. Yes, the country is sick, very sick. In fact, sick unto death. It needs an urgent miracle to get healed. And it must be now or never. Sure, this is a pan-Nigerian project. And it is because it is a battle for the survival of the country.

There is currently an intense struggle for the soul of Nigeria. It is not only political but also spiritual. The dark forces that have held the country down since independence are stirred up again. In fact, they have been revived on noticing that Nigerians are about to liberate themselves from the shackles of poverty, corruption and misrule. Like Pharaoh and his taskmasters, these wicked, retrogressive, corrupt forces of hell and their agents are already on the offensive to stop this generational redemption, this rare window of escape that has miraculously opened for Nigerians. They have vowed never to let Nigeria and Nigerians move to the Promised Land. Yes, I call it miraculous because nobody can actually tell how this revolution came about or what has kept it thriving. These heartless taskmasters believe and daily remind us that we are conquered and surrounded just like a dot-in-a-circle. But truly, Nigeria, the whole country currently looks like a real dot-in-a-circle– both the ruled and the rulers. All of us! Nobody is spared. Or can you show me who has not been encircled? We are all in it. Otherwise, some will not be preparing to escape before time. Even those that rode at the back of that tiger are now about or afraid of ending up in its belly. What they created is about consuming them. They are panicking. The strong, rich and even the armed panic! They birthed and nurtured this monster that is about consuming everybody, including themselves and whatever they stand for. But we will come to this much later. Now, the greatest problems of Nigeria today are insecurity, failing economy and nepotism. These are the real issues at stake. And what Nigerians are simply saying is that they are tired of people using tribal and religious sentiments, monetary inducements to impose incompetent, weak and wicked leaders (or rulers) on them. That is the message. We are fed up! From the North to the South to West and East. Nigerians are completely fed up!

Our country cannot absorb more shocks from weak, visionless, incompetent and parochial leadership. By this movement, Nigerians from all tribes, professions and religions are demonstrating their yearning for a better life and genuine leadership. No wonder the supporters are coming from every segment and layer of the country. Have you noticed that? Listen to the Muslims, Christians, traditionalists, activists, students, teachers, professional bodies, labor organizations, student unions, market women and men, the poor on the streets, comedians, musicians, bloggers, even relations of the other candidates. Wow! This is unprecedented in our country! Nigerians are showing ownership of this revolution. It is even out of Obi’s control. It is now like a surging ocean. When you try to block it the frustrated youths and citizens will come after you. It is indeed a revolution coming. Now, nobody should try to deceive us again with tribe, color, history or religion. These have not help us for these past sixty years plus. That old trick will not succeed this time. Hunger, poverty, banditry, killings have no tribes, no religion, no color and no profession. After all, those who have been preaching tribe and religion to us are the same people who have been stealing and exporting our common wealth to other countries. And the most painful part of it is that they did not use this stolen, stupendous wealth to establish businesses that will employ our people. All they have bequeathed to us are extreme poverty, hate, banditry, terrorism, ethnic divisions, pain, sorrow and blood. No part of the country is exempted. They pit us against one another as they continue to stash away our common resources that their fourth and fifth generations cannot exhaust. Wickedness! Yes, election time has come and they are at it again. But they will fail. They have failed. We don’t care where the person comes from. What we want is the best for us and our children. The youths and Nigerians are saying that they don’t want to live in slavery, frustration, fear and poverty again. Simple! We will continue. God bless Nigeria!

Source: Modern Ghana

How Christians Are Impacting Ghana’s Economic Management

GHANA IS blessed with rich natural resources of gold, oil, timber, diamond, manganese, bauxite with great human resources, yet Ghanaians are poor. The nation survives mostly on loans and grants. Corruption is the monstrous evil destroying Ghana. State officials, particularly politicians misappropriate, misapply and mismanage public funds for their selfish gains.

Many enter politics poor, but come out extremely wealthy. Consequently, someone has observed that most politicians throughout the world do not enter politics to make money; rather they enter politics to steal money. This is the evil undermining the development of Ghana and nearly all countries on the African continent.

Ghana’s economy has always been in shambles with its currency, the cedi, depreciating against the US dollar and other foreign currencies. Concerned Ghanaian citizens blame the situation on politicians accusing them of dereliction of duty.

Critics often chastise government’s economic management team for being incompetent, and generally attribute the mismanagement of the economy to corrupt practices perpetrated by government officials. The problem cannot be left unaddressed. To help tackle the problems, especially the canker of corruption, some pastors have been encouraging Christians to go into active party politics.

These pastors project that Christians with their strong Godly principles and ethical standards will help wrestle the nation from corrupt and selfish unbelievers who have been dragging the development of the country for years and restore hope to the masses. Generally, it is assumed that a good Christian proves to be a good citizen. And a good citizen proves to be patriotic, nationalistic, selfless and hardworking for better management of the economy.

Thus, true Christian politicians will not steal, embezzle or misappropriate state funds. They will not connive with foreign nationals to engage in illegal mining popularly called galamsey, and eventually destroy our water bodies. And they will not give or receive bribes while signing contracts for their selfish gains.

It is also expected that Christians with high moral uprightness and convincing traits of honesty, contentment, prudence, leadership, foresight and vision can only occupy high political positions to bring about the needed socio-economic change if they are in politics, considering the structure of Ghana’s winner takes-it-all political governance system .

But a question is asked as to whether Christians are not already actively involved in politics in Ghana? Over the years, most presidents, ministers of state, Members of Parliament, the Chief Justice and the justices of the courts, Metropolitan, Municipal and District Assemblies and other handlers of the economy have been mostly Christian men and women.

In fact, it is estimated that the Christian population in Ghana is about 71.2 per cent in terms of numbers. Thus, in 2020, Archbishop Philip Naameh wondered, “If we take politics as an example, our political landscape is full of Christians. We say we are 71 per cent but who are those doing the bribery and the corruption and the stealing of state money either for our families or for our individual needs or wants?”

Is it the case that, Christians who are already serving as politicians in various departments and agencies where corruption, stealing, embezzlements and nepotistic practices occur are false Christians? “Ken Ofori-Atta, Finance Minister, said in Parliament while delivering the 2017 budget statement and economic policy of government on March 2, 2017, in Accra that, “Through Jesus Christ, we can resolve these challenges and establish a righteous and just society for all.”

There is no doubt that the Finance Minister’s government, led by President Akufo-Addo, has undertaken some developmental projects in the country, but the challenges of poverty, corruption and other social vices in the country remain. Is it the case that Christians who are in politics do not uphold and live by the tenets of the Word of God?

Now, it is important to point out that in a multi-religious country like Ghana, Christians alone may not be elected or appointed into public offices, the greater percentage of the Christian population of the country, notwithstanding. Christians in Ghanaian politics peacefully work together with Muslims, traditionalists and atheists.

We know that a true Christian is not a disciple of Plato, Aristotle, Karl Max or Max Weber. A true Christian is a child of God through Christ Jesus. As a follower of Christ, a Christian is strictly required to love righteousness and hate corruption. Christians are told that they are in the world, but not of it. They must not love the corrupt systems of the world. If they do, God will become their enemy (James 4: 4).

Disciples of Christ are told that they dwell among wolves and serpents and so they must act wisely. They are exhorted that they are the light and salt of the world; hence they should lead by example. They are taught against corruption, bribery, stealing, nepotism, partiality, selfishness and other sinful behaviours.

They are told to manifest the fruit of the Spirit of God such as love, joy, peace, gentleness, patience, goodness, kindness, faithfulness and self-control (Galatians 5: 22). They are charged to avoid maligning people by making malicious utterances and speaking evil against their neighbours.

With these instructions, can a true Christian really survive in African politics which seems to thrive on institutional corruption, insults, name-calling, intimidation, hatred and campaign of calumny without disobeying the commands of his God? And what impact have Christians in government made to protect the public purse and to address the aforementioned problems?

The answers to this question is anybody’s guess since most people at the helm of affairs admit they are largely Christian.

So, Brother/Sister Christian, what conscious efforts are you making to curb corruption in your business transactions with other people? Are you being honest, or, in your quest to make more money overnight you charge exorbitantly and infect them with corruption and dishonesty. Remember, if you serve poison on the table for others to eat, you will definitely have your share. “Wo to eduru bone a, ebi ka w’ano”. May God touch our hearts to repent from today.

Source: Modern Ghana

Whistleblowing at Twitter: Mudge Spills the Beans

It must have been music to Elon Musk’s ears. Twitter, a platform he has had a patchy relationship with, has been the recipient of various blows inflicted by Peiter “Mudge” Zatko, the company’s former head of security. This was no mean feat, given the company’s reputation as being essentially indestructible. But Mudge was left with every reason to seethe; his tenure abruptly ceased at the company in January this year, allegedly for reasons of “ineffective leadership and poor performance”.

The poor performance tag would have raised a few eyebrows. Zatko has earned a formidable reputation in the field of cybersecurity, largely for being adept at undermining it. Known through the 1990s by the sobriquet “Mudge”, he probed security vulnerabilities in incipient web networks and kept company with such hacker tribes as Cult of the Dead Cow. His activities were sufficiently noteworthy to interest both the Senate and President Bill Clinton, whom he briefed about emerging vulnerabilities in the networked age.

The Twitter appointment made sense, in so far as it was intended to layer and pad security in light of the July 2020 breach which saw a teenager hijack the accounts of a number of figures, including Kanye West, Barack Obama and Joe Biden.

This month Zatko, represented by Whistleblower Aid, the same legal non-profit who represented the Facebook whistleblower Frances Haugen, filed a whistleblower complaint with the Securities and Exchange Commission, the Department of Justice and the Federal Trade Commission (FTC).

Among the suite of spicy accusations, Mudge claims that Twitter executives deceived the regulators and the company’s own board of directors about “extreme, egregious deficiencies” on the issue of hacker defences, and about “meagre efforts to fight spam”. Looming large is the prospect that Twitter might have breached the terms of its own 2010 settlement with the FTC. (In May, it was fined US$150 million for breaking its own privacy promises.)

On the security issue, Zatko insists that half of its 500,000 servers used unencrypted software while roughly 4 in 10 employee laptops were insufficiently protected from external threats. Up to 30% of computers blocked software updates that would remedy security defects. Thousands of the laptops with bare protections also had access to Twitter’s source code, the result of inadequate testing by company engineers.

As for the matter of legitimate users, the disgruntled Zatko claims that Twitter has little to no incentive to identify the true number of spam and bot accounts that populate the information ecosystem. (According to Omnicore, the number of monetizable daily active users, as the figure stood on February 21 this year, was 217 million.)

In May, Twitter spokeswoman Rebecca Hahn stated that, “Twitter fully stands by … our statements about the percentage of spam accounts on our platform, and the work we do to fight spam on the platform, generally.” In the never-ending quest to cleanse the platform, up to half a million spam and bot accounts were removed each day. In July, that number had risen to 1 million.

The accusations also went to Twitter’s approach to specific countries and their infiltration of the company. India comes in for special mention, as the “Indian government forced Twitter to hire specific individual(s) who were government agents, who … would have access to vast amounts of sensitive data”. This fact was not disclosed to users. A further claim is made that the company “received specific information from a US government source” that at least one employee was working for a foreign intelligence agency.

Twitter’s stung CEO Parag Agrawal took to the battlements, circulating an email to company employees challenging the “claims about Twitter’s privacy, security, and data protection practices”. What had been published so far was “a false narrative that is riddled with inconsistencies and inaccuracies, and presented without important context.” There was something wooden, and unconvincing, in the note. Admitting that it was “frustrating and confusing to read, given Mudge was accountable for many aspects of this work”, Agrawal would not have filled the ranks with confidence.

Attorneys presenting Zatko promptly released a statement countering Agrawal’s claims. Their client had persistently “raised concerns about Twitter’s grossly inadequate information security systems to the Company’s Executive Committee and Board of Directors throughout his tenure.” Zatko “repeatedly objected to the misrepresentations and pressed concerns about the dire state of the Company’s information security posture” to both Agrawal and Omid Kordestani, head of the Risk Committee. The Risk Committee, is it charged, preferred “information that whitewashed the problematic” nature of that information security posture.

Musk is seeking to break his agreement to buy Twitter for the value of US$44 billion, claiming that the inaccurate count on “monetizable daily” users would have a “material adverse effect”. Just to make matters even messier, the CEO of Tesla and SpaceX is countersuing the company for fraud and breach of contract.

The questionable number of legitimate Twitter users as pointed out by Zatko is being lapped up, with Musk taking delight in noting the board’s refusal to disclose the facts to the public. Alex Spiro of the law firm Quinn Emanuel representing Musk, found Zatko’s “exit and that of other key employees curious in light of what we have been finding.”

Musk’s legal team have subpoenaed Zatko and former Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey, though it is unclear whether the case will necessarily be better for it. Mudge is also wanted for questioning by the Senate Judiciary Committee. What the allegations have shown is that big tech and its manifestations are rather seedy, and that’s putting it mildly. Few heroes in this saga will be found, but there are villains aplenty to pick from.

Source: Modern Ghana

Fixing The Country: Open Letter To The President On Need To Address Pertinent National Issues To Ensure The Improvement Of The National Economy -Part 18

Dear Mr President,

Mismanagement by past and the current administrations thus including your administration is the causes or the contributory factors to the economic crisis of this Country and if some issues as stated below are not addressed, the mismanagement of the economy may be the order of the day and this may continue to escalate the woes of our dear Country. The COVID-19 pandemic and the Russia-Ukraine War have only come to aggravate the situation and thus exposed the bad governance of this Country especially in the Fourth Republic by past and current administrations, occasioned among others by some of the provisions of the 1992 Constitution.

Before, I expatiate on the subject, pardon me to deviate by saying once again that the 1992 Constitution was not made in 1992 to satisfy the then Chairman of the Military regime of the PNDC, namely Flight Lieutenant JJ Rawlings as alleged by some citizens including the host of good evening Ghana. The 1992 Constitution was actually tailored using some of the previous Constitutions of 1960, 1969, the 1979 of Ghana and thus a hybrid of the Presidential system of the USA and the Parliamentary system of Government of the Great Britain. A careful or academic study of both the 1979 and the 1992 Constitution will reveal that most if not all of the content or the provisions of the 1992 constitution are photocopies of (words for words from) the 1979 Constitution with just a few variance or modifications including the numbering of the Articles. For instance, Article 57 in the 1992 Constitution is lifted from Article 44 in the 1979 constitution.

The wording of Article 70 in the 1992 constitution which is on Appointments by the President is the same as Article 57 of the 1979 Constitution. The wording of the provision of the Constitution on the Determination of the Emoluments of the President, Speaker and the Members of Parliament and other appointees as in Article 70 of the 1992 Constitution on Appointments holders is the same as at Article 58 of the 1979 Constitution. Ombudsman in the 1979 Constitution metamorphosed into Commission of Human Rights and Administration of Justice in the 1992 Constitution.

Both the Committee of the Constitutional Expert chaired by the Paramount Chief of Asokore Asante (Asokorehene) namely Dr SKB Asante which drafted the 1992 Constitution and the late Pi Roland Adiali Ayagitam, the First (who in 1992 was the Paramount Chief of Chiana or the Chiana Pio), who was the Chairman of the Constituent Assembly which deliberated on the draft of the 1992 Constitution and finally came out with the 1992 Constitution did not allow the PNDC to alter any of the main provisions of the 1992 Constitutions because they put a caveat of no alteration in their works other than amendment permissible by the Constituent Assembly and Parliament of the Fourth Republic respectively. So, to ensure the stability of the State, the late Justice Annan drew the attention of both the Chairman of the Committee of the Constitutional Expert and the Chairman of the Constituent Assembly to Article 217 of the 1979 Constitution on the Transitional Provisions.

The Article 217 of the 1979 Constitution on the Transitional Provisions, among other things indemnified the previous Military regimes of the NLC, NRC, SMC1, SMC2 and the AFRC and convinced them on the need for the insertion of the Transitional Provisions, as the last provision in the 1992 Constitution as Article 299 of the 1992 Constitution to indemnify all previous Military regimes, hence the addition of the military regime of the PNDC to the list of Military regimes as in section 15 of Article 217 of the 1979 Constitution to indemnify the members of the PNDC and appointees of the PNDC as well.

Some areas of the 1992 Constitution that need a second look for good development of Ghana.

• Number of Ministers of States and Deputy Ministers

Unlike the 1979 Constitution that provided limitation on the number of Ministers of States to not more than 30 including cabinet Ministers and not more than 30 Deputy Ministers to be appointed by the President, the 1992 Constitution gave an open cheque to President . Human beings have the tendency to be greedy and to misbehave when granted open chance to do something, hence laws are meant to ensure sound actions by human beings. So it is unfortunate that the 1992 Constitution gave an open cheque for the appointment of Ministers of State and their deputies to a President to misbehave against the interest of the State. So, the citizenry need to deliberate on the number of Minsters of State and number of Deputy Ministers to guide a President, therefore you to trim your huge number of Ministers, Deputy Ministers and Staff Officers at the Presidency to a reasonable number and for the compliance by future Presidents of Ghana to save money for the production sector.

So, as stated there is the need for the protection of the purse and save scarce resources especially funds for the production sector, so the urgent need to provide a ceiling on the appointment of Ministers, their Deputies and Staff Officers at the Presidency. Like what Section (3) of Article 65 of the 1979 Constitution which clearly stipulated that the total number of Ministers of State including those in the Cabinet shall not at any time exceed thirty.

b. A redundant Vice President as in the 1992 Constitution and problematic Ministry of Finance

As stated in my previous submission, the 1992 Constitution has made the Vice President as a redundant status. Per the 1992 Constitution, the VP is on Standby to act as President or take over as and when required. That is he or she is to wait and become a mere ceremonial President as in section (8) of Article 60 of the 1992 Constitution when the President is absent from Ghana or for any other reason unable to perform the functions of Office otherwise as in Section (6) of the 1992 Constitution to take over as substantive President when the President dies, resigns or is removed from Office.

His redundancy status was further escalated when the 1992 Constitution was amended in 1996 especially amendment of the provisions of Article 201, Article 206 and Article 211 by Act 527 Constitutional (Amendment) Act 1996 which disrobed the duties of the Vice President, thus further made the status of the VP more redundant.

Sir, the cacophonous notion that the Vice President is the Head or Chairman of the Economy Management Team is unconstitutional and false. It demo the clear lack of understanding of Article 86 and 87 of the 1992 Constitution. So, If it that status or nomenclature existed before and exist currently then it was and is just a Tea Party (a waste to the national economy) and should not be entertained at all if you are to protect the purse, Sir, because as stated it is unconstitutional. This means the VP and the phony Economy Management Team allegedly headed by the Vice President have usurped the powers of the Chairman of the National Development Planning Commission (NDPC) and the functions of the National Development Planning Commission as provided in Article 86 and Article 87 of the 1992 Constitution respectively. It is unfortunate that the NDPC, a Constitutional mandated body for Economy Planning to ensure the growth/improvement of the economy has also been made redundant or almost useless by all the Administrations of the Fourth Republic thus including your Regime. This may be so due to the bad provisions of Articles 86 and 87 of the 1992 Constitution.

Mr President as you aware, the Economy of a Country is managed by the President. So he appoints the Governor of the Central Bank to deal with the Monetary Policies and the Ministry of Finance and ECONOMY PLANNING to deal with the Fiscal Policies. Mr President as you are also aware, Finance among others, deals with the provision and spending of funds and Economics is a social science that focuses on economic decision for the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services, as well as the analyzes of the choices that individuals make or made due to scare resources, hence recommendation of the prioritization of the nation’s or individual’s needs through the application of the concept of opportunity cost (the loss of other alternatives when one alternative is chosen or represent the potential benefits that an individual, investor, or business misses out on when choosing one alternative over another). Hence, through good economy planning a Country through the Minister for Economy Planning and Finance prioritizes her expenditures to ensure improvement of the economic fundamentals of the Country especially growth of GDP, including through increasing of export or the application of import substitution policy to ensure local production of needs and for export produces for generating more foreign currencies for a very good currency exchange rate.

Economy Planning is therefore the process by which principal economic decisions are made especially on the allocation of national budget and the implementation of good policies like import substitution to influence the economy by central governments. This contrasts with the laissez-faire (leave to God or autopilot) approach as in the Fourth Republic occasioned by the bad provision at Article 86 of the 1992 Constitution which ceded the Economy Planning segment of the Ministry for managing the economics of the Country to a seemingly non performing NDPC due to actions of Minister of Finance not required or failed to work with the NDPC. Hence, our current woes or economic crisis is due to how the economy is ran by the Whims and Caprices of one person who is responsible for a Ministry of Finance and not responsible for the Ministry of Economy Planning and Finance, so as to do a very good job through the support of economists in the Ministry of Economy Planning and Finance.

Sir, before the coming into force of the 1992 Constitution, Ghana actually had the Ministry of Economy Planning and Finance. Unfortunately, the 1992 Constitution ceded the Economy Planning and functions of making key economic decisions to the National Development Planning Commission as provided in Article 86 and Article 87 of 1992 Constitution respectively. Hence, constitutionally, the NDPC is the Economic Management Team and not the fake or nonexistence Economic Management Team allegedly headed by the VP. Unlike the 1979 Constitution which as in section (2) of Article 73 of the 1979 Constitution which made the Vice President as the Chairman of the NDPC, the 1992 Constitution disrobed the VP as the Chairperson. In a weird manner, the 1992 Constitution made the Governor of the Central Bank for monetary policy, the Finance Minister for the fiscal policy, the Government Statistician and others as members of the NDPC which is chaired by a person appointed by the President with consultation of the Council of State. This is a very big problem in governance. Either we go by the provisions in Article 73 of the 1979 Constitution with slight variation or abolished the seemingly redundant NDPC because its work is not binding with successive administrations particularly when a different President with a different ideology political ideology takes over as what happened the vision 2020 was jettison by the President Kofour Administration when President Kofour took over from the NDC administration of the late Papa J.

Hence no consistent and coherent national policy say allocation of 10% budget expenditure for the transformation and modernization of the economy especially the Agricultural sector so as to improve the economic fundamentals of the economy. The hence, the woes of Ghana casual effect of mismanagement.

But as you are fully aware, the Economy of Ghana before your Administration was ran by the whims and caprices of the Minister for Finance and this is so currently in your Administration. The running of the economy was done most of the time, without inputs from the problematic NDPC (or Economy planning section of the Country as mandated by the Constitution) hence no consistent and coherent n national policy. Sir, the White paper by the Mills or Mahama’s administration on the work of the Constitutional Review Commission speaks volume of the uselessness of the NDPC as provided by the 1992 Constitution, when it said that the planning work of the NDPC should not be rolled up or binding on successive or subsequent regimes. I also agree with the White paper due to different political ideologies but an area like Agricultural Sector must have a consistent and coherent national policy for the Country to improve and sustain a good economic fundamentals. So, it is a fact that none of the Vice Presidents from the late Vice President Ekow Arkaah to his Excellency Vice President Dr Bawumia were and is utilized in the Fourth Republic for the running of the economy. It should be noted that the NDPC is normally headed by an astute economist currently Dr Kodjo Esseim Mensah-Abrampa.

Mr President, the late Vice President Ekow Arkaah, the first VP of Ghana never in his life chaired the Economic Management Team of Ghana. Even the Constitutional duties for a VP as stated above were even taken away from him in 1996 by Act 527 of 1996. Also one may right to say that from 2009 to the time of the death of President Mills, the then Vice President John Mahama, as VP never chaired the Economic Management Team of Ghana with Hon Dr Duffour as Minister of Finance. Like Vice President Ekow Arkaah, he was seriously sidelined during the late President Mills era, as reported in a book by Mr Manasseh that due to the frustration in the late President Mills Administration, the then VP attempted to resign but thanks to our dear mother Her Excellency Lady Lordina Mahama made him to rescind the decision to resign as VP you may wish for authentication of this allegation so Google for Vice President John Mahama wrote his resignation before Mills died – Manasseh’s Book reveals.

Furthermore, we were told that the late Ex-Vice President Dr Amissah Arthur (who was an economic guru) was also sidelined during the era of His Excellency ex-President JD Mahama.

Sidelining of the VP is a disease in our Political Dispensations. So, the issue of the VP as head of the Economy Management Team was/is out of the equation. The story was told of how a mere staff officer in the administration of his Excellency ex-President JD Mahama ordered a constitutionally elected Vice President in a middle of a seminar in Nigeria to return the Presidential aircraft to the Airforce Base Accra without fail, which the then VP obliged and stopped his participation of the Seminar and returned the Aircraft. Google for Amissah-Arthur Must Take Responsibility for His Own Mistreatment, Dead or Alive.

This speaks volume about the state of affairs in the Presidency in the Fourth Republic.

Mr President, to those who have clear understanding of issues will acknowledge that His Excellency Vice President Dr Bawumia, an economic guru is somehow sidelined in your Administration with the appointment of a Senior Minister in your Administration and other reasons. Thanks to God, for the wise up of His Excellency Vice President Dr Bawumia for concentrating on the digitization and digitalization agenda. His statement that the Ghana Card is better than interchanges speaks that he has a very good knowledge in Economics or Opportunity Cost concept. Those with poor knowledge in economics also need to appreciate that free SHS (movable human capital) is better than thousand interchanges (fixed or stationary capital item). Go to Ukraine and see the destructions of infrastructure, so some people had to relocate with their ID Cards and Certificates to America or in other Countries leaving their expensive homes behind for livelihood elsewhere. So Mr President thank you very much for the free SHS.

Mr President, a Senior Minister is first among equal Ministers (primus inter pares) hence a Senior Minister is secretly or in a disguise a Prime Minister and hence the Office of the Senior Minister is in rivalry with the Office of the Vice President. We have also been told that the Minority Leader (Hon Harunah Iddrissu) in the Eighth Parliament of the Fourth Republic had to bemoan the very low budget of less than GHC24Million allocated by the Minister for Finance to Office of the Vice President but allocated over GHC40M to the Office of the Chief of Staff in 2021 the national budget. Google for Meager budgetary allocation for Bawumia’s offices shocks Harunah suspects sabotage in MyNewsGH dated 19 December 2021

So one can comfortably say that the views of His Excellency Vice President Dr Bawumia are not bought in the running of the Economy of Ghana. Example, he talked of production to help in the improvement of the economic fundamentals of this Country but this was not pursued by the Minister for Finance by allocating more budgetary support say 10% of the national budget as agreed by Heads of States of the African Union including President JA Kofour in 2003 Maputo accord or declaration for the transformation and modernization of the Agricultural Sector of the economy. Also, His Excellency VP Dr Bawumia earlier on disclosed in Peace FM that no need to tax MoMo transaction but by the whims and caprices of the Minister Finance, he ignored this sound advice and put a levy on MoMo transaction as part of E-levy. Hence it resulted in the bad grading of the economics status of Ghana thus escalating our current woes, so your option for the IMF to bail out the Country is expected. You demo that the buck stops with the President.

As the saying goes the buck stop with the President, so you should be blamed for any repeat any mismanagement in your administration hence subjecting the academic stature of the very brilliant His Excellency VP Dr Bawumia to insult is disingenuous and tells the incompetency and dishonesty of the affected callers. Thanks to God that His Ex-President Mahama is not one of them.

His Ex-President Mahama owns a duty to Ghanaians as the most experienced Statesman (ex-MP, ex-Minister, ex-VP, and ex-President) to help the Citizenry to appreciate things for the corrections of the wrongs by answering the following questions. (Q1). Has he ever chaired an Economic Management Team with Hon Dr Kwabena Duffour then Finance Minister, who was noted for lowering the inflation to single figure (digit) in the late President Mills Administration? (2). So, between him and Dr Duffour, who lowered inflation from double figures to a single digit should the NDC consider as the better Presidential candidate? (Q3) Also between Dr Kwabena Duffour, who lowered the inflation from a double figures to a single digit and any person (including Ex-President Mahama and Dr Bawumia), in Ghana with experience in Governmental affairs should Ghanaians consider to be our next President? (Q4) He (Ex-President Mahama), if he really helped in the management of the Economics of Ghana with his alleged status as the Chairman of the Economy Management Team when Hon Dr Duffour was the Finance Minister in the late President Mills era, should explain to Ghanaians why he rather opted for a non-economist in the person of Professor Naana Opoku Agyemang as his choice for the post of VP in the 2016 Presidential Election instead of Dr Duffour or any other economist as the VP candidate for the Presidential election in 2016?.

The answers are that the 1992 Constitution provided the NDPC as the Economic Management Team and no Constitutional provision or a legal requirement for the VP to be Chairperson for the Economic Management Team unlike what is provided in section (2) of Article 73 of the 1979 Constitution which made the Vice President as the Chairman of the National Development Planning of Commission (NDPC). But an experience Presidential candidate or persons who is interested in seeing the development of his Country may prefer a candidate who has a good economic background or can pull a lot of votes.

Mr President, we need to be very honest and serious and place the interest of Ghana first. The Constitutional experts led by Dr SKB Asante, the Paramount Chief of Asokore Asante who drafted the 1992 Constitution actually recommended a President and a Prime Minister with no Vice President or a fixed Deputy Prime Minister (that is as and when needed, the Prime Minister can only nominate a member of his cabinet to seat for him if not able to perform his function). I am of the view that with a President and a Prime Minister with no Vice President may mean that the President will be the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces, Head of State, Head of National Executive thus endorsing the appointments of the Chief Justice, Chairman of the EC, etc, the CDS, IGP, Security Services Commanders or Chiefs as provided by the Constitution and above all appointing or confirming the leader of the Majority Leader in Parliament as the Prime Minister to form a government. Hence, with that system as proposed by Dr SKB Asante and his Committee, the Prime Minister and not the President is the Head of Government of the day to day government of the Country. The President remains at post till the end of his tenure office as provided in the Constitution but the Prime Minister can be removed during his tour of duty which may be coterminous with the President when he is not performing very well.

Hence, the citizenry needs to deliberate on the replacement of the current redundant situation of the Vice President. Recommended we either opt for a President and a Prime Minster (PM) so that PM can easily be removed during his tenure office for non-performance as stated or an Executive President and no fixed Vice President but he or she or the cabinet can designate one of the members of the Cabinet to act as President when the President is not able to perform his function.

c.. Ministry of Finance and National Development of Commission (NDPC)

The efficient or the sound Management of the economics of a Country is shared between the Central Bank responsible for the Monetary Policies and the Ministry of Finance and Economy Planning and related institutions for the fiscal policy. Previous regimes before the Fourth Republic of Ghana had the Ministry of Finance and Economy Planning and the Bank of Ghana sharing the management of the economy through the implementations of the Fiscal and Monetary Policies respectively for the efficient planning and management of the economy. To ensure the better management of the economy, Section (2) of Article 73 of the 1979 Constitution gave the Vice President the role of helping to manage the economy of the Third Republic. (2) The Commission shall consist of (a) the Vice-President, who shall be chairman; (b) such number of Ministers of State as the President may appoint; (c) the Government Statistician; (d) one representative each from each Region of Ghana appointed by the Regional Councils Such other persons as may be appointed by the President having regard to their knowledge and experience of the relevant areas of economic or social planning.

Section 3 of Article 73 of the 1979 Constitution, the NDPC (or the Commission) shall advise the President on planning and developmental policy and strategy and shall ensure that the planning and development strategy of the President is effectively carried out. The Commission shall, at the request of the President or Parliament or on its own initiative, study and make- (a) recommendations on the contribution of agriculture, industry and science and technology in general to the national development and make proposals designed to reinforce the essential role of agriculture in the national economy; and (b) proposals for ensuring the even development of the Regions of Ghana by the effective utilization of available resources. (5) The National Development Commission shall be responsible to the President.

Mr President, unfortunately the NDPC is in chapter eight which is the entrenched chapter, so Article 86 and 87 of the 1992 Constitution can only be amended by a referendum. So you need to take action for the amendment of these two bad provisions in the 1992 Constitution. You may combine these with other entrenched articles of the 1992 Constitution including the one for the election of DCEs for one referendum to reduce cost.

Source: Modern Ghana

If Looters Had Built On Old African Technologies

What discovery, institution, plant or industry has these billionaire politicians established? They pick and choose billionaires that make returns as kickbacks. It is an insult on African Youths’ intelligence when those choosing politics for retirement home promised to be the one to revitalize the economy after destroying the same all their lives.

When Virgin Airlines could not stomach the money, shares and partnerships demanded in kickbacks from politicians that had absolutely nothing to contribute, they ran out of Nigeria. Though, Airlines are still making money, they cannot take their profits out forcing local travelers going abroad to purchase their tickets in the U.S dollars.

Intellectual properties have been patented as the most guarded secrets because of the billions collected when copied and improved for local use. What is lost in the claims at the World Trade Organization and the local courts is how these technologies move from one country to another. The Americans are making billions from these claims as they accused the Japanese and the Chinese of stealing their intellectual properties.

The fact is that the Americans stole intellectual properties from Europe. Before then, the Greeks and the Romans referred to Northern Europeans as Barbarians because of their lack of skills in Science, Technologies and Arts. The irony is that the Science, Technologies and Arts were learned from Upper and Lower Egypt.

Yet, privileged Africans with little or no tangible businesses are bleeding the Central Bank of foreign currencies. African countries have always produced the richest brain and mind in the world. Voracious acquisition of money is not limited to Africans but those that eat and chop alone with nothing to show for it must die miserably alone. We are still stuck in the Feudal system the world Far Right groups are promoting.

Africa is directly under the sun in the tropics. If only one of those billionaires looters got ambitious and invested in Solar Energy years ago before other cold continents caught on, Africa would have been the place to import Solar Technology the intellectual property from. The same is true of the most arable land in the world begging other continents for food. Foreigners use starving African kids to start charitable organizations while they pocket over 90 percent of the donations.

Gadhafi created the Great Man-Made River in the desert to supply fresh water and green agriculture for his people. A great project that should have benefited his people for over 100 years has been almost abandoned after they killed him. If he had successfully acquired Nuclear Technology from Pakistan, nobody would have dared touch him or kill him like a dog. The Mansa Kanka Musa and the Queen of Sheba of the world came from our part of Africa, they were admired for their waste.

Almost every African knows what our problems are but solutions that stare at us in the face cannot be implemented. Take the case of crude and refined oil. It does not take much brain to figure out and understand that a country that produces oil needs working and efficient refineries to be self-sufficient in refined petroleum products. But African oil producing countries cannot account for what they produce or refine all the oil they need for domestic consumption.

Indeed, there are Africans sabotaging internal and local refineries to make them incapable of operating efficiently. Local Navy, with approval of politicians in high places are colluding with foreign international shipping lines to steal crude oil on the high seas. Gold and diamond are mined with local laborers by foreign countries landing helicopters to fly out raw minerals with the full cooperation of local Chiefs.


God, no matter your religion, endows every human with different talents. Some of us work harder hiding talents than we do exploiting God given endowment and natural resources because we prefer what others have. These are self-inflicted curses out of inferiority complex, criminality and foolish greed that does not benefit us in the short or long term basis.

The rush to deposit even legitimate local profit abroad that could have alleviated poverty at home, cannot be sustained at this rate. We are willing to empty the local Treasuries at home to spend in a hostile environment where our last and next generation can never be comfortable. This is why Africa has been dying for the past 500 years.

It is one thing for others to exploit you in their best interest but it takes useful fools to exploit his people against his own interest. Those who improve, built on crude technologies of Upper and Lower Egypt, of the Black Heads of Sumeria or Chinese gunpowder are the beneficiary of today’s Supreme Powers. They worked to develop them.

Yet, the loot is not plowed back into legitimate ventures where they can be productive. The 1.6 billion donated to extreme far Right was recently exposed in the United States. What else was it used for other than to use a powerful and loud minority to dominate and stifle the votes of the majority. Their point is to compete with the Left donations that benefit liberal democracy. Where are the liberal donations in Africa to improve the lives, votes and freedom of the majority?

Look at private schools. While public schools are languishing by the grace of politicians that refuse to fund them, their private schools including universities are faring better. The same is true about private hospitals. St. Nicholas Hospital was established by a former Federal Minister of Health. It is now one of the leading hospitals in Africa.

Most Africans cannot imagine the amount of money stolen from Nigeria. They are not captured by Forbes list of billionaires. Acquisition of money in itself becomes a game of greed used for power, a double edge sword. The money can be used to benefit mankind or it can be used to intensify subjugation. Africans and others have been exposed with their offshore dark money but donation to a cause to improve the life of the masses as Mo Ibrahim does is African problem.

If the civilization of Egypt and Sudan were not invaded and Africa was not sent into the Dark Ages for 500 years, imagine the development that could have been improved on and built upon. However, Africans for immediate individual selfish gains they decided to help satisfy the selfish interest of other continents instead of improving their own “crude” Arts, Science and Technologies.

Source: Modern Ghana

Opportunties For Achieving Target 8.7. Of The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) In The Fishing Industry In Ghana: The Ilo Factor

Ghana’s effort to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) reflects a national commitment to improve the wellbeing of citizens and the environment; leaving no one behind. This effort, outlined in the 2022 Voluntary National Review Report (VNRR), signed by the President and, launched by the National Development Planning Commission (NDPC) in August, indicates a mixed progress in the implementation status of the SDGs; bringing afore, the impact of emerging challenges such the COVID-19 on global, national, and local economies. The VNRR shows, among other things, improved outcomes in tackling Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing (IUU) while acknowledging challenges of high unemployment rate among the youth and declining fish stocks.

The ILO’s 8.7. Accelerator Lab. Programme, designed to shore up global efforts to achieve Target 8.7. of the SDGs, through support for the acceleration of national impactful actions starting with the fishing sector in Ghana, South Africa and Indonesia, provides an important opportunity for stakeholders in the blue economy to address decent work deficits in the marine fisheries sub-sector. The strategy of the ILO reinforces the capacity of employers, workers, and governments to develop and apply credible methods and mechanisms to address four major challenges to decent work. These challenges are forced labour, human trafficking, modern slavery, and child labour.

Forced labour in the marine fisheries sub-sector, as in other sectors, may be considered far-fetched. Yet, an appreciation of practices such as physical abuse of fishers (workers), abuse of their vulnerability, deception, excessive overtime, poor working and living conditions and informal recruitment processes that create bottlenecks in the application of individual workers’ agreements, attest of the reality of forced labour in the industry. The need to prevent and eliminate forced labour in marine fisheries is further appreciated when the connection between labour rights and illegal Unreported and Unregulated Fishing (IUU) is highlighted: when fishers are underpaid and forced to catch “much more fish” before they receive their fair share, they compromise standards and abet in the application of unacceptable practices in fishing.

Addressing the issues raised under SDG Target 8.7. calls for a tripartite approach, involving the relevant workers employers and government agencies. In the fishing industry, the Maritime, and Dock Workers Union (MDU) and the National Union of Seamen Ports and Allied Workers (NUSPAW) are working hard to organise fishers and other workers in the marine fisheries space and to empower them with requisite knowledge and skills to assert their rights as well us perform their responsibilities in the context of their engagement in fishing activities. The reality is that most fishers working on industrial fishing vessels are very experienced but also have significant gaps in knowledge and skill. This is a more serious issue because work in the marine space is identified as a hazardous occupation. The risk to injury is relatively higher so there is little room for ignorance and incompetence. Life-threatening injuries would be the consequence; and this is not very uncommon in practice. Many fishers lose limbs and life to give us the fish we enjoy. The ILO is empowering fishers by strengthening their capacity to organise and increase their knowledge and skills in advocating for the enforcement of national and international labour standards.

Similarly, the relevant employer’s association such as The Ghana Tuna Association (GTA) and the Ghana Industrial Trawlers Association (GITA) as well as the Ghana Inshore Fisheries Association (GIFA) are demonstrating commitment to improve standards in the industry so that production will not be at the expense of human rights and productivity would lead to decent work for all. This interest of employers is carefully nurtured by the fit-for-purpose capacity building programmes delivered through the ILO 8.7. Accelerator Lab Programme being implemented in several countries including Ghana, Indonesia, and South Africa.

In effect, the ILO strategy of building the capacity of relevant tripartite stakeholders provides nutritious soil environment to cultivate efficient partnerships to support national efforts in Ghana and other countries, towards the elimination of forced labour and other decent work deficits in the fishing sector, especially in the wake of formidable global and local challenges.

Source: Modern Ghana

Libya clashes kill 12, spark fears of new war

Clashes between backers of rival governments killed at least 12 people and damaged six hospitals in Libya’s capital Saturday, sparking fears that a political crisis could spiral into a major new conflict.

Small arms fire and explosions rocked several districts of Tripoli overnight and into Saturday, when smoke could be seen rising from damaged buildings.

Early on Saturday evening, the health ministry in Tripoli gave a preliminary toll of 12 dead and 87 wounded from the fighting.

Six hospitals were hit and ambulances were unable to reach areas affected by the clashes, the ministry had said earlier, condemning “war crimes”.

The two rival administrations exchanged blame as videos posted online showed burned-out cars and buildings riddled with bullet holes, as well as a mosque on fire.

The UN’s Libya mission called for “an immediate cessation of hostilities”, citing “ongoing armed clashes including indiscriminate medium and heavy shelling in civilian-populated neighbourhoods” that it said had damaged hospitals.

The US embassy in Libya said it was “very concerned” about the clashes.

News agency Lana said actor Mustafa Baraka had been killed in one of the neighbourhoods hit by fighting, sparking anger and mourning on social media.

The Government of National Unity (GNU) of Abdulhamid Dbeibah said fighting had broken out after negotiations to avoid bloodshed in the western city collapsed.

Dbeibah’s government, installed as part of a United Nations-led peace process following a previous round of violence, is challenged by a rival government led by former interior minister Fathi Bashagha.

Trading blame

Bashagha, who is backed by Libya’s parliament and eastern-based military strongman Khalifa Haftar, says the GNU’s mandate has expired.

But he has so far been unable to take office in Tripoli, as Dbeibah has insisted on only handing power to an elected government.

Dbeibah’s government accused Bashagha of “carrying out his threats” to seize Tripoli by force.

Dbeibah’s GNU said negotiations had been underway to “hold elections at the end of the year to resolve the political crisis”, but that Bashagha had “walked out at the last moment”.

Bashagha denied such talks had taken place, and accused Dbeibah’s “illegitimate” administration of “clinging to power”.

Emadeddin Badi, a senior fellow at the Atlantic Council, warned that the violence could quickly escalate.

“Urban warfare has its own logic, it’s harmful both to civilian infrastructure and to people, so even if it isn’t a long war, this conflict will be very destructive as we have already seen,” he told AFP.

He added that the fighting could strengthen Haftar and those close to him.

“They stand to benefit from western Libya divisions and have a better negotiating position once the dust settles.”

Bashagha was appointed in February by the parliament, which was elected in 2014 and is based in the eastern city of Tobruk, but he has been unable to impose his authority in Tripoli.

Initially ruling out the use of violence, the former interior minister has since hinted that he could resort to force.

Last week, he called on “Libyan men of honour” to drop their support for Dbeibah’s “obsolete and illegitimate” administration.

Last month, clashes between rival groups in Tripoli left 16 people dead, including a child.

It was the deadliest violence to hit the Libyan capital since Haftar’s ill-fated attempt to seize it by force in 2019 and 2020.

Source: Modern Ghana

Tribalism: The Most Authentic Definition Of Man

“In the social jungle of human existence, there is no feeling of being alive without a sense of identity.” — Erik Erikson, German-American Psychologist/Psychoanalyst and the originator of the theory of “Identity Crisis.”

Tribalism is the most authentic definition of MAN. It underscores the essence of MAN. It gives every MAN on the surface of the Earth a quantum of uniqueness. Tribalism is the unassailable edification of MAN.

It is what defines the World for MAN. Tribalism is what defines the sociological milieu for MAN. It is the framework for his cosmological beliefs. Tribalism is the encapsulation of MAN’s philosophy about his existence.

Tribalism is the cocoon of culture and traditions without which society would be utterly meaningless, scary and be Hobbesian in a more putrid manner. It gives bold, categorical, distinct, and clear-cut existential guidelines to MAN, whether positive or negative.

Without TRIBALISM, MAN would be lost, rudderless, aimless, with a vacuous spirit. I mean, he would be spiritually vacant and physically, a stray being, (let us not use the word “animal”).

Without Tribalism, MAN would be lost. MAN would be worse than a goat. This is because all animals have their own “tribe.” In fact, and indeed, the word tribe was first applied to the lower animals before it was elevated to describe and define a community of human beings that share tradition, language and cosmological beliefs.

NATURE is the validation of TRIBALISM. It expresses itself through it. Nature is the attestation to the indispensability of tribalism. It confirms and corroborates tribalism. Tribalism is like an organizer. It put things in order. Tribalism is like a shelve on which things are arranged in categories, or if you prefer, in genres.

To demonize TRIBALISM, is to demonize nature. It is to demonize the human race. It is to make MAN unnecessarily vulnerable and dispensable. It is to turn MAN into a piece of paper in the claws of a whirlwind, without definite character and direction.

Look at our world, see the trauma the human race is going through because of our desire for fakery – a tribal-less humanity. See the damming and damning of progress. Of peace. Of prosperity. Of love. And of affection.

The human race has become one hubris in its hiatus from Nature. It has become haughty in its desire to subvert Nature. It has become bumptious and blustering in its desire to undercut nature. The human race has been condescending in its desire to conquer nature.

It is desirable to improve our environment. Make the mother nature more nurturing. More motherly. More caring. More sustaining. More protective and be protected in return. If the human race have not done that, the enormous progress of humanity would have been lost.

But in the course of that, the value and use of nature has been lost on humanity. The application of science and technology has not been rewarding in all spheres of the human race. There are however, some sociological questions that science and technology could explain but really have no answers to.

Tribalism is one such area, where the human race is engaged in a war that would be lost eventually. This is because MAN is most comfortable in the midst of its likes.

Despite the great strides in the modern civilization, in the so-called modern cities, tribalism is still conspicuously manifested. We have Caucasian neighborhoods. We have Asian neighborhoods. We have Latino neighborhoods. We have African neighbourhoods. We have Arab neighborhoods. And so on. In the USA for example, these neighborhoods are further broken down into ethnic nationalities, such as Germantowns, Chinatowns, Little Italys, Irishtowns, Indian settlements and so on.

What is beautiful is the ability to accept these differences in human race and allow the unique identities as defined by Nature via Tribalism to subsist, while we strive to relate with each other. Without Tribalism, the World, and by extension human race would be amorphous. Nebulous. Inchoate.

Without Tribalism, human race would not even be understood or comprehended. It would be one mass of intellectual opaque. It would be a perfect definition of aridity of cultures and traditions and the various contending philosophies that have defined human progress.

Without Tribalism, the World and the human race would present a petrographic challenge for comprehension. What that would have done to history, philosophy, science, and technology out-loops imagination.

Tribalism is Nature expressed. It is the edification of MAN. It is MAN’s essential core. It could not be done away with. Those who demonize Tribalism are oblivious of the power of Nature. Demonization of Tribalism is an expression of “civilized” but deep, as well as searing ignorance. It is ignorance deodorized.

The way forward for true and genuine civilization is to accept our natural differences as defined by Tribalism. Recognizing and accepting our differences are the first steps towards understanding each other and working together. Attempts to change nature as expressed in tribalism would bring misunderstanding, resistance, war, misery and mutual destruction.

Source: Modern Ghana